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Search result for sponge (5 entries) (3.6917 seconds)
ลองค้นหาคำในรูปแบบอื่นๆ เพื่อให้ได้ผลลัพธ์มากขึ้นหรือน้อยลง: -sponge-, *sponge*.

Result from Foreign Dictionaries (5 entries found)

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]: Sponge \Sponge\ (sp[u^]nj), n. [OF. esponge, F. ['e]ponge, L. spongia, Gr. spoggia`, spo`ggos. Cf. {Fungus}, {Spunk}.] [Formerly written also {spunge}.] 1. (Zool.) Any one of numerous species of Spongiae, or Porifera. See Illust. and Note under {Spongiae}. [1913 Webster] 2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny Spongiae (Keratosa), used for many purposes, especially the varieties of the genus {Spongia}. The most valuable sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies. [1913 Webster] 3. Fig.: One who lives upon others; a pertinacious and indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger. [1913 Webster] 4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically: (a) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven. (b) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition. (c) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked. [1913 Webster] 5. (Gun.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or staff. [1913 Webster] 6. (Far.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering to the heel. [1913 Webster] {Bath sponge}, any one of several varieties of coarse commercial sponges, especially {Spongia equina}. {Cup sponge}, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form. {Glass sponge}. See {Glass-sponge}, in the Vocabulary. {Glove sponge}, a variety of commercial sponge ({Spongia officinalis}, variety tubulifera), having very fine fibers, native of Florida, and the West Indies. {Grass sponge}, any one of several varieties of coarse commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted, as {Spongia graminea}, and {Spongia equina}, variety cerebriformis, of Florida and the West Indies. {Horse sponge}, a coarse commercial sponge, especially {Spongia equina}. {Platinum sponge}. (Chem.) See under {Platinum}. {Pyrotechnical sponge}, a substance made of mushrooms or fungi, which are boiled in water, dried, and beaten, then put in a strong lye prepared with saltpeter, and again dried in an oven. This makes the black match, or tinder, brought from Germany. {Sheep's-wool sponge}, a fine and durable commercial sponge ({Spongia equina}, variety gossypina) found in Florida and the West Indies. The surface is covered with larger and smaller tufts, having the oscula between them. {Sponge cake}, a kind of sweet cake which is light and spongy. {Sponge lead}, or {Spongy lead} (Chem.), metallic lead brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by compressing finely divided lead; -- used in secondary batteries and otherwise. {Sponge tree} (Bot.), a tropical leguminous tree ({Acacia Farnesiana}), with deliciously fragrant flowers, which are used in perfumery. {Toilet sponge}, a very fine and superior variety of Mediterranean sponge ({Spongia officinalis}, variety Mediterranea); -- called also {Turkish sponge}. {To set a sponge} (Cookery), to leaven a small mass of flour, to be used in leavening a larger quantity. {To throw up the sponge}, to give up a contest; to acknowledge defeat; -- from a custom of the prize ring, the person employed to sponge a pugilist between rounds throwing his sponge in the air in token of defeat; -- now, {throw in the towel} is more common, and has the same origin and meaning. [Cant or Slang] "He was too brave a man to throw up the sponge to fate." --Lowell. {Vegetable sponge}. (Bot.) See {Loof}. {Velvet sponge}, a fine, soft commercial sponge ({Spongia equina}, variety meandriniformis) found in Florida and the West Indies. {Vitreous sponge}. See {Glass-sponge}. {Yellow sponge}, a common and valuable commercial sponge ({Spongia agaricina}, variety corlosia) found in Florida and the West Indies. [1913 Webster] From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]: Sponge \Sponge\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Sponged} (sp[u^]njd); p. pr. & vb. n. {Sponging} (sp[u^]n"j[i^]ng).] 1. To cleanse or wipe with a sponge; as, to sponge a slate or a cannon; to wet with a sponge; as, to sponge cloth. [1913 Webster] 2. To wipe out with a sponge, as letters or writing; to efface; to destroy all trace of. --Hooker. [1913 Webster] 3. Fig.: To deprive of something by imposition. "How came such multitudes of our nation . . . to be sponged of their plate and their money?" --South. [1913 Webster] 4. Fig.: To get by imposition or mean arts without cost; as, to sponge a breakfast. --Swift. [1913 Webster] From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 [gcide]: Sponge \Sponge\, v. i. 1. To suck in, or imbibe, as a sponge. [1913 Webster] 2. Fig.: To gain by mean arts, by intrusion, or hanging on; as, an idler sponges on his neighbor. --E. Eggleston. [1913 Webster] The fly is an intruder, and a common smell-feast, that sponges upon other people's trenchers. --L'Estrange. [1913 Webster] 3. To be converted, as dough, into a light, spongy mass by the agency of yeast, or leaven. [1913 Webster] From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) [wn]: sponge n 1: a porous mass of interlacing fibers that forms the internal skeleton of various marine animals and usable to absorb water or any porous rubber or cellulose product similarly used 2: someone able to acquire new knowledge and skills rapidly and easily; "she soaks up foreign languages like a sponge" [syn: {quick study}, {sponge}] 3: a follower who hangs around a host (without benefit to the host) in hope of gain or advantage [syn: {leech}, {parasite}, {sponge}, {sponger}] 4: primitive multicellular marine animal whose porous body is supported by a fibrous skeletal framework; usually occurs in sessile colonies [syn: {sponge}, {poriferan}, {parazoan}] v 1: wipe with a sponge, so as to clean or moisten 2: ask for and get free; be a parasite [syn: {mooch}, {bum}, {cadge}, {grub}, {sponge}] 3: erase with a sponge; as of words on a blackboard 4: soak up with a sponge 5: gather sponges, in the ocean From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) [jargon]: sponge n. [Unix] A special case of a {filter} that reads its entire input before writing any output; the canonical example is a sort utility. Unlike most filters, a sponge can conveniently overwrite the input file with the output data stream. If a file system has versioning (as ITS did and VMS does now) the sponge/filter distinction loses its usefulness, because directing filter output would just write a new version. See also {slurp}.

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